Planned coitus is considered a "low complexity" assisted reproduction technique. It involves monitoring a woman's menstrual cycle to recommend the most favorable moment for getting pregnant.

The cycle can run in a natural way, without medication to induce ovulation. Nevertheless, drugs to stimulate ovulation are often used. Regardless of which plan is chosen, ultrasonographies are performed, and in some cases hormones are administered to indicate the most favorable period for the couple to have sexual relations and maximize the chances of getting pregnant.

The "planned coitus" technique is used to reestablish the average fertility rate for a couple with no abnormalities. This is generally a 10% to 20% chance of getting pregnant for each cycle.